According to B. F. Skinner,Â behavior is shaped and maintained by its consequences. What mattered most to Skinner was what happened after a response occurred.
This means that teachers/parents can increase or decrease a particular target behavior (of a student/child) by manipulating environmental factors so that the behavior can either be increased or decreased via the exploitation of positive or negative reinforcer(s) (outcome of behavior).
In comparison, the Choice Theory proposed by William Glasser, advocates that students/children should be the ones to decide on what should follow a particular behavior.Â In other words, Glasser encourages teachers and parents to allow children to make their own decisions about what consequences should follow their actions. Glasser also emphasizes that children should be allowed to be responsible for their own actions and be made accountable/responsible for everything they do or don’t do in the classroom.
Who, between Skinner and Glasser do you agree with? Why? What is your own view regarding this issue? Defend your answer with (an) example(s).